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Metes and Bounds Description of the Boundary Between the

Seat of Federal Government and the State of New Columbia

  1. Beginning at the intersection of the southern right-of-way of F Street NE and the eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street NE;
  2. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street NE to the eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SE;
  3. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SE to its intersection with the northern property boundary of the John Adams Building of the Library of Congress;
  4. Thence east along the said northern property boundary of the John Adams Building of the Library of Congress to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 3rd Street SE;
  5. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 3rd Street SE to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of Independence Avenue SE;
  6. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of Independence Avenue SE to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SE;
  7. Thence south along the said eastern right-of way of 2nd Street SE to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of C Street SE;
  8. Thence west along the said southern right-of-way of C Street SE to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 1st Street SE;
  9. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of 1st Street SE to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of D Street SE;
  10. Thence west along the said southern right-of-way of D Street SE to its intersection with the western right-of-way of South Capitol Street;
  11. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of South Capitol Street to its intersection with a line extending northwestward the southwestern right-of-way of Canal Street SE;
  12. Thence southeast along the said line extending northwestward the southwestern right-of-way of Canal Street SE to the southwestern right-of-way of Canal Street SE;
  13. Thence southeast along the said southwestern right-of-way of Canal Street SE to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of E Street SE;
  14. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of said E Street SE to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 1st Street SE;
  15. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 1st Street SE to its intersection with the southern property boundary of the former Congressional House Page’s Dormitory;
  16. Thence west along the said boundary of the former Congressional House Page’s Dormitory to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of New Jersey Avenue SE;
  17. Thence southeast along the said southwestern right-of-way of New Jersey Avenue SE to its intersection with the northeastern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SE;
  18. Thence northwest along the said northeastern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SE to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of South Capitol Street;
  19. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of South Capitol Street to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of E Street SE;
  20. Thence west along a line extending westward the said southern right-of-way of E Street SE to its intersection with the western right-of-way of South Capitol Street;
  21. Thence north along the said western right-of-way of South Capitol Street to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of Washington Avenue SW;
  22. Thence northwest along the said southwestern right-of-way of Washington Avenue SW to its intersection with the northern boundary of the railroad track right-of-way;
  23. Thence generally west along the said northern boundary of the railroad track right-of-way to its intersection with the eastern right-of way of the D Street exit ramp from Interstate 395;
  24. Thence north then northeast along the said eastern right-of-way of the D Street exit ramp from Interstate 395 to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of Washington Avenue SW;
  25. Thence northwest along the said southwestern right-of-way of Washington Avenue SW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SW;
  26. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of the D Street SW entry ramp to Interstate 395;
  27. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of the D Street SW entry ramp to Interstate 395 to its intersection with the western right-of-way of the Virginia Avenue SW exit ramp from Interstate 395;
  28. Thence generally south then west along the said western then northern right-of-way of the Virginia Avenue SW exit ramp from Interstate 395 to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SW;
  29. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of 2nd Street SW to its intersection with a line extending southeastward the southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SW;
  30. Thence northwest along the said line extending southeastward the southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SW to the southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SW;
  31. Thence northwest along the said southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue SW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 3rd Street SW;
  32. Thence north along the said western right-of-way of 3rd Street SW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of D Street SW;
  33. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of D Street SW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of of 4th Street SW;
  34. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of 4th Street SW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of C Street SW;
  35. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of C Street SW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 6th Street SW;
  36. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of 6th Street SW to its intersection with the northern right -of-way of Independence Avenue SW;
  37. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of Independence Avenue SW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 12th Street SW;
  38. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 12th Street SW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of D Street SW;
  39. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of D Street SW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 14th Street SW;
  40. Thence south then southwest along the said western then northwestern right-of-way of 14th Street SW to the northwestern right-of-way of Interstate 395;
  41. Thence southwest along the said northwestern right-of-way of Interstate 395 to its intersection with the eastern shore of the Potomac River;
  42. Thence generally northwest along the said eastern shore of the Potomac River to its intersection with a line extending westward the northern property boundary of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts;
  43. Thence east along the said line extending westward the northern property boundary of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts to the northern property boundary of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts;
  44. Thence east along the said northern property boundary of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts to the northeast corner of the property;
  45. Thence east along a line extending eastward the said northern property boundary of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of Interstate 66;
  46. Thence south along the said eastern right-of-way of Interstate 66 to the eastern right-of-way of the E Street NW entrance ramp to Interstate 66;
  47. Thence south then east along the said eastern then northern right-of-way of the E Street entrance ramp to Interstate 66 to the point where the said northern right-of-way of the E Street NW entrance ramp to Interstate 66 becomes the northern right-of-way of E Street NW;
  48. Thence south across said E Street NW to the southern right-of-way of E Street NW;
  49. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of E Street NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 20th Street NW;
  50. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 20th Street NW to its intersection with a line extending westward the southern right-of-way of the portion of E Street NW north of Walt Whitman Park;
  51. Thence east along the said line extending westward the southern right-of-way of the portion of E Street NW north of Walt Whitman Park to the southern right-of-way of the portion of E Street NW north of Walt Whitman Park;
  52. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of the portion of E Street NW north of Walt Whitman Park to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 18th Street NW;
  53. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 18th Street NW to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue NW;
  54. Thence southeast along the said southwestern right-of-way of Virginia Avenue NW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of Constitution Avenue NW;
  55. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of Constitution Avenue NW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 17th Street NW;
  56. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of 17th Street NW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of H Street NW;
  57. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of H Street NW to its intersection with the eastern boundary of the unnamed alley on the southern side of the 1500 block of H Street NW;
  58. Thence generally south along the eastern boundary of the said unnamed alley to its southern boundary;
  59. Thence west along the southern boundary of the said unnamed alley to its intersection with the westernmost boundary of the property designated as Square 221 Lot 810;
  60. Thence south along the said westernmost boundary of the property designated as Square 221 Lot 810 to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW;
  61. Thence east along the said northern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 15th Street NW;
  62. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 15th Street NW to its intersection with a line extending westward the southern right-of-way of the portion of Pennsylvania Avenue NW north of Pershing Square;
  63. Thence east along the said line extending the southern right-of-way of the portion of Pennsylvania Avenue NW north of Pershing Square to the southern right-of-way of the portion of Pennsylvania Avenue NW north of Pershing Square;
  64. Thence east then southeast along the said southern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 14th Street NW;
  65. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 14th Street NW to its intersection with a line extending westward the southern right-of-way of D Street NW;
  66. Thence east along the said line extending westward the southern right-of-way of D Street NW to the southern right-of-way of D Street NW;
  67. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of D Street NW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 13 1/2th Street NW;
  68. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of 13 1/2th Street NW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW;
  69. Thence east then southeast along the said southern then southwestern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 12th Street NW;
  70. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 12th Street NW to its intersection with a line extending westward the southern boundary of the property designated as Square 324 Lot 809;
  71. Thence east along the said line extending westward the southern boundary of the property designated as Square 324 Lot 809 to the southwest corner of the said property designated as Square 324 Lot 809;
  72. Thence northeast along the southern boundary of the said property designated as Square 324 Lot 809 to its intersection with the southern boundary of the property designated as Square 323 Lot 802;
  73. Thence northeast then east along the southern boundary of the said property designated as Square 323 Lot 802 to a point where it meets the southern boundary of the property designated as Square 324 Lot 808;
  74. Thence east along the southern boundary of the said property designated as Square 324 Lot 808 to the southeast corner of the said property designated as Square 324 Lot 808;
  75. Thence generally north along the eastern boundary of the said property designated as Square 324 Lot 808 to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW;
  76. Thence southeast along the said southern right-of-way of Pennsylvania Avenue NW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 4th Street NW;
  77. Thence north along a line extending northward the said eastern right-of-way of 4th Street NW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of C Street NW;
  78. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of C Street NW to its intersection with the eastern right-of-way of 3rd Street NW;
  79. Thence north along the said eastern right-of-way of 3rd Street NW to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of D Street NW;
  80. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of D Street NW to its intersection with the western right of way of 1st Street NW;
  81. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 1st Street NW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of C Street NW;
  82. Thence west along the said northern right-of-way of C Street NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of 2nd Street NW;
  83. Thence south along the said western right-of-way of 2nd Street NW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of Constitution Avenue NW;
  84. Thence east along the said northern right-of-way of Constitution Avenue NW to its intersection with the northwestern right-of-way of Louisiana Avenue NW;
  85. Thence northeast along the said northwestern right-of-way of Louisiana Avenue NW to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of New Jersey Avenue, NW;
  86. Thence northwest along the said southwestern right-of-way of New Jersey Avenue NW to its intersection with the northern right-of-way of D Street NW;
  87. Thence east along the said northern right-of-way of D Street NW to its intersection with the northwestern right-of-way of Louisiana Avenue NW;
  88. Thence northeast along the said northwestern right-of-way of Louisiana Avenue NW to its intersection with the western right-of-way of North Capitol Street;
  89. Thence north along the said western right-of-way of North Capitol Street to its intersection with the southwestern right-of-way of Massachusetts Avenue NW;
  90. Thence southeast along the said southwestern right-of-way of Massachusetts Avenue NW to the southwestern right-of-way of Massachusetts Avenue NE;
  91. Thence southeast along the said southwestern right-of-way of Massachusetts Avenue NE to the southwestern right-of-way of Columbus Circle NE;
  92. Thence counter-clockwise along the said southwestern, then southern, southeastern, and eastern right-of-way of Columbus Circle NE to its intersection with the southern right-of-way of F Street NE;
  93. Thence east along the said southern right-of-way of F Street NE to the point of beginning.

 

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Proposed Commentary on Boundary Changes for Committee Report

John Loikow

Geographer

October 16, 2016

The boundary between the State of New Columbia and the District of Columbia approved by the New Columbia Statehood Commission on June 28, 2016, and amended on September 14, 2016, has been revised as described below.

Boundaries Following Streets

The boundaries following streets, to the maximum extent possible, follow the edge of street right-of-ways, so that the entire right-of-way lies within a single jurisdiction.

The definition of what constitutes a “right-of-way” is open to determination, and may differ depending upon geographical location or historical precedent. It might be the street surface only, or it may extend away from the surface to include the curb, tree box, sidewalk, or all the area up to the property lot line in a block.

To the maximum extent possible, boundary street right-of-ways have been included within the State rather than the Federal District, as the State would have greater interest in, and probably greater capacity to, maintain the local transportation infrastructure than the Federal Government. This also clarifies which jurisdiction has public safety responsibility for these boundary streets.

Boundaries Following Lot Lines

In some cases, where part of a square is to be included in the State and part in the Federal District, the boundary follows one or more lot lines. An example is where private residential or commercial property is on the same square as Federal property and should be excluded from the Federal District. Another example is where a Federal property contiguous to the Federal core lies in a block that otherwise should be included within the State is included within the Federal District.

Boundaries Following Lot or Street Right-of-Way Extensions

In a small number of instances, no clearly definable feature or administrative boundary currently exists for the proposed jurisdictional boundary to follow.

In such cases, a line extension is proposed along which the jurisdictional boundary may travel. All such extensions are straight lines proceeding from either street right-of-ways or lot lines. They begin where the previous boundary ended, proceed in a straight line along the path of the previous boundary segment, and end where they intersect the next definable existing boundary.

Boundary Path Exceptions

Two notable exceptions to the procedures outlined above exist.

The first is the properties under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol. This area and its boundary-related issues are discussed below.

The second is a boundary alley within the White House security perimeter, which is gated and to which access is controlled by the Secret Service, which should be within the Federal District.

Jurisdiction of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol

The area under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol is codified in 40 USC §5102 - Legal Description and Jurisdiction of United States Capitol Grounds. This area and the streets in it are under the jurisdiction of the Capitol Police.

This area includes many, but not all, of the streets within and bounding it. The major streets and most bounding streets are specifically mentioned as being under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia for maintenance and improvement only.

It would seem advisable to include these particular right-of-ways within the Federal District, rather than the State, in order to reduce the amount of boundary negotiation with the Office of the Architect of the Capitol that will be necessary. However, within the bounding streets of the Architect’s jurisdiction, seven properties exist which house private commercial businesses, some of which may contain residents. These comprise Lot 885 in Square 725, the Sewall-Belmont House and garden, owned by the National Woman’s Party; and in Square 726, Lot 10 owned by the Reserve Officers Association, Lots 800, 801, and 7 owned by the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and Lots 11 and 816 owned by the United Methodist Church Board.

Square 725 equates to Tract 82, Block 2006 for the 2010 Census, and had no reported population or housing units. Square 726 equates to Tract 82, Block 2007 for the 2010 Census, and had a reported population of 6, living in 5 housing units. Additional research is necessary to determine whether these residences still exist. In addition, Square 726 Lot 10 is owned by the Reserve Officers Association that operates the Top of the Hill Banquet and Conference Center, an enterprise which the State also might wish to include within its jurisdiction.

Although these lots themselves are not within the Architect’s jurisdiction, all area surrounding them is, and delineating a boundary to include them with the State may be difficult. Square 725 also includes the Dirksen and Hart Senate Office Buildings. Square 726 is directly across the street from Square 725 on one side and the Supreme Court on the other. The Capitol grounds are directly to the west of both squares. Constitution Avenue NE runs between the two squares. Any delineated boundary would pass into the 100 block of Constitution Avenue NE, to the west of and behind a Capitol Police kiosk in the middle of street and behind movable roadblocks set into the Constitution Avenue NE street surface, immediately west of 2nd Street NE.

Additional work and negotiation with the Office of the Architect of the Capitol over the boundary in this area will be necessary should it be deemed desirable to include these properties within the State.

Residences Within the Federal District

A guiding principle used by the Office of Planning in their original boundary delineation was that the only residence located within the Federal District would be the White House.

Squares 725 and 726, which are within the northeastern portion of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol’s jurisdiction, present a particularly difficult problem in boundary delineation that has been described above.

Lots 66, 82, 85, 806, 854, and 855 of Square 693, which is within southern portion of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol’s jurisdiction, are privately owned and not under that Office’s jurisdiction. These properties are of mixed use, residential and commercial. Although they are surrounded by lots under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, the roads bordering Square 693 are not under the jurisdiction of that Office. It is therefore possible to delineate a boundary that allows these lots to be included within the State.

Boundary Inaccuracy Around the Old Post Office Building

The New Columbia Statehood Commission decided to include within the State the Trump International Hotel, a commercial venture in leased Federal space. The Old Post Office Building (which houses the hotel) is a monumental Federal building that had originally been delineated as lying within the Federal District.

The Office of Planning proposed a boundary change to accommodate this decision, which the Statehood Commission approved on September 14, 2016. In order to place the Trump International Hotel within the State, the Office of Planning modified their original boundary proposal to include two lots within the State: the lot containing the Old Post Office Building and a small lot immediately to the north containing pedestrian space. Two additional lots directly associated with the Trump International Hotel were not included.

The first is a large adjoining lot to the east containing the hotel’s drive-in entrance and a large annex connected to the Old Post Office Building. This annex appears to contain the hotel’s ballroom, underground parking garage, and loading dock. The second is small lot to the south that contains additional pedestrian space and the hotel’s delivery entrance.

The boundary has been modified to include all four lots so that entire hotel is within the State.

Square 221 East of Lafayette Park

The New Columbia Statehood Commission also decided to include within the State the privately owned commercial property in Square 221, which lies northwest of the intersection of Pennsylvania Avenue NW and 15th Street NW. The commercial property consists of seven lots on the eastern half of the square. The western half of the square is Federal property, and lies within the security perimeter of the White House. An unnamed alley proceeds southward mid-block from H Street NW. The alley itself is gated, and is under the control of the Secret Service.

The Office of Planning proposed a boundary change to accommodate this decision, which the Statehood Commission approved on September 14, 2016.  However, only one of the seven commercial lots was included in the State.

The boundary has been modified to include all seven privately owned properties in the State.

Boundary in the Vicinity of 14th Street SW and the Potomac River

Prior to reaching the Potomac River, 14th Street SW merges with Interstate 395, which then crosses the river on three bridges. The southernmost bridge, The Arland D. Williams Jr. Memorial Bridge, is the northbound span, the middle bridge, The Rochambeau Bridge, is the HOV span, and the northernmost bridge, The George Mason Memorial Bridge, is the southbound span.

Although the Office of Planning originally delineated the boundary as following the southernmost route through the merger of 14th Street SW with Interstate 395, the boundary has been modified to follow the northernmost boundary through this area. The myriad of high-speed traffic lanes contributes nothing to the monumental core of the Federal District, and should remain entirely within the State, similar to the other part of Interstate 395 as it crosses land and then crosses the Washington Channel.

There is a parking lot for the Jefferson Memorial within this bridge/ramp area that is accessible via Ohio Drive SW. This street passes at surface level under all of the bridges crossing the river. This lot and the surrounding surface area would remain under the management of the U.S. Park Service, like all other Federal parks within the State.

 
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